The Scoville Scale rates the hotness of a food, with zero Scoville units indicating there is no spiciness or heat, while the top of the scale,16 million is pure capsaicin. According to the Scoville Scale for Peppers, " while certain breeds of hot pepper have been known to fall within a certain range, depending on the conditions where it was grown, it may be hotter or sweeter than rated."
Here are a few peppers and their Scoville ratings:
Scoville Units Pepper Variety
5,300,000 Police Grade Pepper Spray
2,000,000 Common Pepper Spray
100,000-325,000 Scotch Bonnet
30,000-50,000 Cayenne & Tobasco
This past summer was the first time I planted the Burning Bush Habanero. It is a very good producer and when ripe, the peppers are a lovely peach orange color. This pepper carries 180,000 Scoville units.
Big Jim peppers cooling on the dehydrator tray.